Causes and symptoms of Arthritis


Arthritis is defined as inflammation of one or more joints of the body, with a condition of pain and stiffness, and affects in most cases the hand, the man, the spine and the knee, and it affects the human at any stage of his age, and the proportion of infection with age, and the most common types of inflammation Osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis, and may be the injury of one or several joints of the body

Arthritis can also be a symptom of another disease, such as leukemia or bone cancer. Diagnosis depends on the degree of pain the patient is suffering. Arthritis pain may be sudden and may go away spontaneously if it is caused by In this case, the movement of the body helps to alleviate the pain, but also depends on changing the lifestyle, and taking some anti-inflammatory drugs

The joint is composed of


Cartilage

 It is a soft cover with a soft texture that works to cover the ends of the bone. Its function allows the bones to be loosened easily in the joints

Outer cover of joint

It is a thin cover covering the joint

Inflammation sac
 It is the membrane that encapsulates the outer cover, and is characterized as a very thin membrane, and excreted fluid that works to soften the movement of the joint, and also feeds it


Types of arthritis

 Osteoarthritis, which is known as the rough joints
Psoriasis arthritis
Autoimmune diseases
 Rheumatoid Arthritis
 Bacterial arthritis
Rheumatoid Arthritis
 Gout
Lupus, which affects the lungs and kidneys


Causes of Arthritis

There are some reasons why arthritis may develop, including the following
Arthritis or joint dislocation
 Muscular or tendon injury, especially in the ankle
 Exposure to infectious diseases and inflammation that accompany joint pain and muscle
Bacterial or viral infection
Colds and flu
Irritable or irritable bowel syndrome
Lyme disease
Bursitis is inflammation of the sac of fluid in the joint


Symptoms of arthritis

 Tinnitus in the hands during sleep
 High body temperature and chills
 Feeling pain between the shoulders
 Tissue in the joint with inflammation
Lack of flexibility in the joints, leading to limited movement
In some cases there is a rash, or nausea
 When you feel cold, the pain of the joint increases
Swelling and redness of the affected joint
Some bone mass may appear at the joints of the fingers
Exposure to severe pain in the joint may hinder movement and affect the patient's life
Factors that help to develop arthritis


Genetics

Arthritis factors increase with the presence of conditions in the same family, if a parent or relative has the disease, it may most likely result in the infection of the children

 Age

The risk of arthritis increases with age and aging

Sex

Some studies have suggested that women are more likely to develop arthritis than men, but in the case of gout inflammation, it is higher in men than in women

Previous disease

This means that the previous injury to a joint in the body, may increase friction, which causes inflammation, especially with age

Obesity and overweight

Obesity may be a major factor in increasing the risk of arthritis, especially the joints of the knee and pelvis, due to excessive weight gain

Diagnosis of arthritis


When you get arthritis, your doctor needs one or more of the following medical tests after a clinical examination of the condition

Comprehensive analysis

The doctor needs to diagnose the comprehensive analysis of blood, urine and cerebrospinal fluid in the body, and to obtain the synovial fluid is inserted needle in the joint to withdraw the liquid from him

X-Ray
A few degrees of X-ray are used to see bone, and this examination helps to see cartilage loss or osteoporosis

 CT scan
The procedure is the same X-ray but from more than one angle, where it works on overlapping images, and the operation of multiple sections, which helps in reaching the internal structure of bones

Magnetic Resonance

It is a radio interference with a strong magnetic field, which helps to see the precise details of the joint

 Sonar

This procedure will have to form body images, which helps to be the place of the needle used to pull the synovial fluid

 Telescope

It is the insertion of a small tube and a high joint, to convey a live image from inside the joint
Mohamed waly
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